Beverage Ingredient Glossary

Acacia – Carnitine

Acacia / Gum Acacia / Gum Arabic Acacia, also called Gum Arabic, comes from acacia trees and is used to suspend ingredients that are not water soluble in beverages, creating an emulsion.
Acesulfame Potassium Acesulfame Potassium, also known as “Ace-K”, is a low-calorie sweetener discovered in 1967. It is 200 times sweeter than sugar. More information about low- and no-calorie sweeteners.
Acidulants Acids, which include phosphoric acid and citric acid, and acidic salts help to provide flavoring. They are responsible for the tart taste which helps to balance the sweetness. They also help to reduce the growth of microorganisms (i.e., protect the food from spoiling).
Alpha TocopherolAcetate Alpha Tocopherol Acetate is a form of Vitamin E. Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant. It protects body cells by neutralizing free radicals which are damaging molecules.
Annatto Annatto is a yellow-orange coloring agent derived from a seed.
Artificial Flavors Artificial Flavors are substances used to impart flavor that are not derived from a natural substance such as a spice, fruit or fruit juice, vegetables or herbs.
Ascorbic Acid Ascorbic Acid is Vitamin C. Vitamin C is an antioxidant vitamin. It helps to protect body cells and tissues and helps to maintain healthy skin. Ascorbic acid is also used as a preservative in some products and this use is indicated in the ingredient statement.
Aspartame Aspartame is a low-calorie sweetener made primarily of two amino acids; aspartic acid and phenylalanine. Aspartame has been shown to be safe for everyone, including children and pregnant women. When used in foods and beverages a warning on the labels is provided to people who can’t metabolize aspartame: PHENYLKETONURICS: CONTAINS PHENYLALANINE. More information about low- and no-calorie sweeteners.
Beta-Carotene Beta-Carotene is an orange pigment found in orange and dark yellow fruits and vegetables. It is used by our bodies to make vitamin A, an essential nutrient. Beta-carotene is also used as an orange food coloring.
Blue #1 Blue No. 1 is an FDA-Certified food color. Each batch is inspected by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) before being certified. It is used in small quantities to give products a vibrant and attractive color.
Brominated Vegetable Oil Brominated Vegetable Oils are used as stabilizers to prevent the citrus flavoring oils from floating to the surface in beverages. Brominated Vegetable Oil may be derived from soybean or corn.
Caffeine Caffeine comes from the leaves, seeds, or fruits of more than 60 plants. It is found in beverages and foods, such as coffee, tea, colas, and chocolate. Caffeine can also be man-made. More information about caffeine.
Calcium Calcium is an important nutrient which is a major component of bones and teeth.
More information about bone health
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Calcium Carbonate Calcium Carbonate is used as a source of calcium and to control acidity. Calcium is an essential nutrient and a major component of bones and teeth.
Calcium Chloride Calcium Chloride is used as an electrolyte in some sports drinks and bottled water beverages. Calcium and Chloride are both essential nutrients.
Calcium Citrate Calcium Citrate is used as a source of calcium, an essential nutrient for the body. Calcium is a major component of bones and teeth.
Calcium Gluconate Calcium Gluconate is used as a source of calcium, an essential nutrient for the body. Calcium is a major component of bones and teeth.
Calcium Lactate Calcium Lactate is used as a source of calcium, an essential nutrient for the body. Calcium is a major component of bones and teeth.
Calcium Pantothenate Calcium Pantothenate is used as a source of vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid).
Calcium Phosphate Calcium Phosphate is used as a source of calcium, an essential nutrient for the body. Calcium is a major component of bones and teeth.
Cane Sugar Cane Sugar is sugar made from the sugar cane plant. More information about sugars.
Caramel Color Caramel color is made by a process involving the heating of corn or cane sugar and other carbohydrates to achieve the desired color.
Carbonated Water Carbonated water, also known as soda water, sparkling water, or seltzer, is water with carbon dioxide bubbles added to provide fun and refreshment.
Carnitine / L-Carnitine Carnitine is naturally produced and stored in the body. Carnitine plays a role in the conversion offatty acids into energy.

Carob Bean GumGuar Gum

Carob Bean Gum Carob bean gum is used as an emulsifier. It assures that oil based flavors are evenly dispersed in a water based drink. Carob bean gum comes from the starchy part of the seed of the carob bean tree.
Carrageenan Carrageenan is a gelatin like substance derived from seaweed. It is used as a thickener.
Cellulose / Cellulose Gum Cellulose gum is used as a suspending agent and thickening agent. It is derived from naturally occurring cellulose found in fruits and vegetables.
Chromium Polynicotinate Chromium Polynicotinate is a source of chromium, an essential nutrient which is known to help the body get energy from food.
Citric Acid Citric acid is the most widely used organic acid in the food industry and has been used for more than 100 years. It is a compound that is found in animals and plants. Citric acid can be produced from different plant sources, including corn. It is also commonly found in citrus fruits such as lemon, orange, and grapefruit, which is why it is named “citric acid”. Citric acid is used in beverages to provide tartness.
Cloudifier Cloudifiers help to distribute uniform color and flavor in beverages.
Coconut Oil Coconut oil helps the flavors used in beverage products mix with the water base of the product. It is also used in some beverages to give a “cloudy” appearance.
Crystalline Fructose Crystalline Fructose is a sweetener, which provides approximately 4 calories per gram, as do other carbohydrate sweeteners. It is much sweeter in taste than other sugars, so a smaller amount can be used.
Cyanocobalamin Cyanocobalamin is Vitamin B12. Vitamin B12 is a vitamin needed for making blood in your body.
Dipotassium Phosphate Dipotassium Phosphate is a source of potassium, an essential nutrient for the body. Potassium is an important nutrient for the regulation of blood pressure.
Dragonfruit Extract Dragonfruit Extract is an extract which contains the flavoring substances from a natural source.
D-ribose D-ribose is a sugar which is present in energy-carrying compounds in our bodies, such as ADP (adenosine diphosphate) and ATP (adenosine triphosphate). It is also added to some sports and energy beverages.
Emulsifiers Emulsifiers are frequently used in beverages that contain citrus oils to prevent the flavoring oils from floating to the surface of the beverage.
EDTA EDTA stands for Ethylene Diamine Tetra Acetic acid. It is used as a preservative and to protect freshness and taste in beverages.
Erythritol Erythritol is a sugar alcohol used as a zero-calorie sweetener. For more information on erythritol, visit CalorieControl.org
Ester Gum / Glycerol Ester of Wood Rosin In some beverages that contain citrus oils, ester gum is used to prevent the flavoring oils from floating to the surface of the beverage. This ingredient is derived from the juice or sap of a tree.
Flavors / Flavorings Flavorings are used to provide the taste to beverages and foods. They can be natural extracts from food plants, such as fruits, or can be man-made.
Folic Acid Folic Acid is a vitamin important for pregnant women as it is needed for the normal development of the brain and spinal cord. It also is needed by your body to make red blood cells.
Fruit and Vegetable Purees Fruits and vegetables that are mashed or pressed to the consistency of a soft paste or thick liquid are called purees.
Garcinia cambogia Garcinia cambogia is a plant native to Indonesia. The extract of the fruit and/or rind of the fruit also called Hydroxycitric Acid.
Ginseng Extract / Panax Ginseng Root Extract Ginseng is an herbal plant that has been used widely in China and other countries of Asia for centuries. Panax ginseng extract is typically used in energy drinks.
Green # 3 Green No. 3 is an FDA-Certified food color. Each batch is inspected by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) before being certified. It is used in small quantities to give products a vibrant and attractive color.
Green Tea Green Tea is made from the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant. Green tea is less oxidized or fermented during processing than black tea.
Guar Gum Guar Gum is used as a stabilizer and a thickening agent. It is derived from the seeds of the guar tree.

Guarana – Pyridoxine

Guarana Extract / Guarana Seed Extract Guarana Extract is derived from guarana, a climbing plant in the maple family native to the Amazon area of Brazil. Guarana extract is a source of caffeine.
High Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS) High Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS) is a sweetener derived from corn. Unlike the traditional type of corn syrup (which is mainly glucose), HFCS is a mixture of glucose and fructose. The mixture we use in our soft drinks is very similar to liquid sucrose (sugar) and is composed of approximately half glucose (45%) and fructose (55%). More information about HFCS.
Inositol Inositol is a sugar-like substance that occurs naturally in the body.
Juices from Concentrate Juice from Concentrate is made by reconstituting (adding water) to juice concentrate. Juice concentrate is the juice ingredient that has had most of the water gently removed from the juice under conditions to maintain the quality. We commonly use various juices from concentrate, (including orange and apple) in our juice-containing products.
Lutein Lutein is a plant compound found in green leafy vegetables, such as spinach and kale, and in yellow vegetables, such as corn.
Magnesium Chloride Magnesium Chloride is a source of both magnesium and chloride, which are electrolytes and essential nutrients for the body.
Magnesium Lactate Magnesium Lactate is a source of magnesium, an essential nutrient for the body. Magnesium is needed for energy metabolism.
Magnesium Sulfate Magnesium Sulfate is used, along with other minerals, to add a fresh taste to bottled water.
Malic Acid Malic acid, naturally found in apples, is used to impart a tart taste to beverages.
Maltodextrin Maltodextrin is a complex carbohydrate which adds body to a beverage. It is a bulking agent and is less sweet than sugar or HFCS. The maltodextrin we use is derived from corn.
Manganese citrate Manganese citrate is a source of manganese, an essential nutrient for the body. Manganese is needed for bone formation and energy metabolism.
Modified Food Starch / Modified Corn Starch Of the many uses for modified food starch (like thickening, texture, and freeze-thaw stabilization), we use it to stabilize flavor oils in our syrups and beverages. The usual source of the modified food starch we use is corn.
Monopotassium Phosphate Monopotassium Phosphate is a source of potassium, an essential nutrient for the body. Potassium is an important nutrient for the regulation of blood pressure.
Monosodium Phosphate Monosodium phosphate serves as a buffering agent for pH control.
Natural Flavors Natural flavors are derived from the essential oils or extracts of spices, fruits, vegetables and herbs.
Natural Spring Water Water derived from an underground formation from which it flows naturally to the surface of the earth.
Niacin / Niacinamide Niacinamide is niacin; Vitamin B3. Niacin is needed by our bodies to help with energy metabolism.
Pantothenic Acid Pantothenic Acid is an essential nutrient in the B-vitamin group needed for the release of energy from carbohydrates. It is also called Vitamin B5.
Partially Hydrogenated Soybean Oil Partially hydrogenated soybean oil is used in our beverages as a clouding agent. It helps give drinks a cloudy or opaque appearance. It is oil from the soybean plant that has been heated to make it more dense.
Phosphoric Acid Phosphoric acid is a used in certain soft drinks, including Coca-Cola, to add tartness to the beverage. Phosphoric acid contains phosphorus, one of the basic elements of nature and an essential nutrient. Phosphorus is a major component of bones. More information about bone health.
Potassium Potassium is an important nutrient to help support healthy blood pressure. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005 recommend that people eat more foods high in potassium.
Potassium Benzoate Potassium benzoate is used as a preservative and to protect taste.
Potassium Chloride Potassium chloride is used, along with other minerals, to add a fresh taste to bottled water. Potassium and Chloride are essential nutrients for the body.
Potassium Citrate Potassium citrate serves as a buffering agent for pH control to help regulate tartness. It is also used as an electrolyte and a potassium source in sports drinks.
Potassium Phosphate Potassium phosphate is used as a source of potassium, an important nutrient in the body.
Potassium Sorbate Potassium sorbate is used to protect taste in some non- carbonated and juice-containing drinks.
Pulp / Lemon Pulp / Orange Pulp Pulp is the soft, moist, edible part of the citrus fruit; the “bits” naturally found in juice. We add pulp in varying amounts to give juices and drinks the preferred textures.
Pure Filtered Water Pure filtered water is filtered treated water.
Purified Water Purified Water is water that is produced by methods such as distillation, ionization, or reverse osmosis, to provide water with most dissolved substances removed and that meets the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) standards. The U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) has established a definition for purified water.
Pyridoxine Hydrochloride Pyridoxine Hydrochloride is Vitamin B6. Vitamin B6 is a vitamin needed to process (metabolize) protein from your food to make it useful to the body for building tissues and for metabolizing carbohydrates.

Rebiana – Zinc Picolinate

Rebiana Rebiana is a term for a food-grade zero-calorie sweetener made from the leaves of the stevia plant. More information about low- and no-calorie sweeteners.
Red #40 Red No. 40 is an FDA-Certified food color. Each batch is inspected by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) before being certified. It is used in small quantities to give products a vibrant and attractive color.
Reverse Osmosis Water Reverse Osmosis Water is purified water that is processed using reverse osmosis. In this process water is run through a semi permeable membrane with very small pores and hydrostatic pressure. Impurities found in the water are left behind.
Salt / Sodium Chloride Sodium chloride, or table salt, is used in very small amounts for taste enhancement in our bottled waters. It is also used in our sports drinks as a source of sodium, an important electrolyte needed by athletes, to help maintain water balance.
Sodium Benzoate Sodium benzoate is used as an antimicrobial agent, a preservative, and to protect taste.
Sodium Citrate Sodium citrate is used as a buffering agent for pH control to help regulate tartness or to control acidity.
Sodium Hexametaphosphate Sodium Hexametaphosphate is a sodium polyphosphate that is used to preserve the quality and stability of our beverages.
Sucralose Sucralose is a non-nutritive (low-calorie) sweetener made from sugar. Sucralose is approximately 600 times sweeter than table sugar. More information about low- and no-calorie sweeteners.
Sucrose Acetate Isobutyrate Sucrose acetate isobutyrate (SAIB) is derived from cane sugar. It is used in beverages as a weighting agent, in citrus beverages to prevent separation of citrus oils, and as a stabilizer for emulsions of flavoring oils.
Sugar / Natural Sugar Sugar, also known as table sugar, is made from sugar cane or sugar beets. Sucrose is the technical name for table sugar. More information about sugar.
Tartaric Acid Tartaric Acid is used to provide a tart taste. It can also be found in some foods, such as grapes.
Taurine Taurine is an amino acid made in the body from other amino acids.
Tea / Tea Concentrate Tea is made from the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant.
Vapor Distilled Water Vapor Distilled Water is a type of purified water that is created using a specialized heating process. Through the process, water is converted to steam and then compressed, which heats it to a “superheated” status. The superheated steam condenses on a cooled surface and is collected.
Vitamin A / Vitamin A Palmitate Vitamin A is an essential nutrient needed for normal vision and for the maintenance of healthy skin.
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) Vitamin B6 is an essential nutrient needed to process (metabolize) protein from your food to make it useful to the body for building tissues and for metabolizing carbohydrates.
Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin) Vitamin B12 is a vitamin needed for making blood in your body.
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) Vitamin C is an antioxidant vitamin. It helps to protect body cells and tissues and helps to maintain healthy skin.
Vitamin D Vitamin D is important for bone health as it helps the body use calcium. We use vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol) as a source of vitamin D in our products.
Vitamin E / Vitamin E Acetate Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant. It protects body cells by neutralizing free radicals which are damaging molecules.
Yellow #5 Yellow No. 5 is an FDA-Certified food color. Each batch is inspected by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) before being certified. It is used in small quantities to give products a vibrant and attractive color.
Yellow #6 Yellow No. 6 is an FDA-Certified food color. Each batch is inspected by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) before being certified. It is used in small quantities to give products a vibrant and attractive color.
Zinc Picolinate Zinc Picolinate is a source of zinc, an essential nutrient for the body. Zinc is needed for the normal functioning of the immune system.